Hungarian Qualification Framework (HuQF)

What is the HuQF?

It is the national qualification framework of Hungary, which contains the qualifications of the country in the following sectors: public education, vocational training, adult education and higher education.

The system consisting of eight levels reveals what the owner of a school report, certificate, degree, qualification knows, and what skills he/she shall have. Also, it shows what attitudes the person has and to what degree of independence and responsibility he/she can perform certain tasks. The HuQF is an effective compass in finding one’s career path and in making plans related to studies. As for employers, the HuQF supports efficient recruitment in the labour market.

By applying the learning outcome based approach and determining the relevant HuQF level to Hungarian qualifications, they become more understandable and comparable.

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What is the HuQF good for?

  • It summarizes the contents of various qualifications and determines their position in the system of Hungarian qualifications thus supporting orientation in the work force.
  • The system of HuQF encompasses the sectors of public education, vocational training, higher education and adult education. Therefore, it becomes transparent how qualifications encourage career-building both on an individual and organisational level.
  • It serves as an effective framework for suppliers of the educational and training sectors to devise their training programs, identify and integrate the applicants' learning outcomes.
  • It encourages mobility since the expertise and qualifications acquired abroad can be integrated into the Hungarian training sector and labour market.
  • Qualifications described by learning outcomes make career guidance more effective.

The primary objective of the qualification framework is to support orientation within the educational and training systems. It provides an overview about qualifications certified by Hungarian authorities. By doing so, it encourages the employment of students and employees, mobility across borders and the possibility for life-long learning.

The national qualification framework reveals the possible paths to follow within the qualification framework. The information made available about qualifications assist individuals and employers in interpreting the competences related to qualifications. As a result, the qualification framework encourages participation in life-long learning and employment.

Also, the qualification framework is able to support penetrability within such frameworks as well as between the formal and informal learning context. It can contribute to the acknowledgement and enforceability of learning outcomes acquired in various fields of life: in sectors of the educational-training system, during work or leisure-time activities.

The Hungarian Qualification Framework is not a regulatory instrument; its sole objective is to support the better communication of the qualification contents and framework both in Hungary and in Europe.

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The legal background of the HuQF

The descriptors of the HuQF are described in Government Decree 1229/2012. (6th July). Information concerning the level of each qualification is defined in the law regulating the given qualification.

The four subsectors of the educational system are defined in separate laws. These are the following in more detail:

SECONDARY SCHOOL-LEAVING EXAM:

On the basis of paragraph 4 of article 57 in the act concerning public education (act number: CXC/2011), the certificate of the school-leaving examination contains the classification of the given qualification or vocational qualification in the Hungarian Qualification Framework and in the European Qualification Framework. The relevant government decree defines the details of this procedure. On the basis of article 94 of the act, the government has to codify a act containing the classifying process of each qualification or vocational qualification, certified with a degree, in the Hungarian Qualification Framework.

On the basis of article 45 of Government Decree 100/1997 (13th June), which is about the issuance of the exam regulations of the school-leaving exam: ‘the school-leaving exam degree, certificate contains the fact that the certificate attests to level 4 in the Hungarian Qualification Framework and in the European Qualification Framework, the date of issuance, the imprint of the round stamp of the exam committee and the signatures of the school principal and the president of the exam committee’.

VOCATIONAL TRAINING (the vocational qualifications of the national qualification register):

On the basis of paragraph 6, article 88 of act CLXXXVII (2011), which is about vocational training, the government was entitled to formulate a decree which defines the description and classification of the levels of the vocational qualifications based on the Hungarian Qualification Framework relating to the European Qualification Framework.

The level of each vocational qualification, based on the classification system of the Hungarian Qualification Framework consisting of a 1-to-8 scale, is defined in the 8th column of a registry articulated in Appendix 1 of Government Decree 150/2012. (6th July), which describes the Hungarian National Register and the procedures of its modification.

On the basis of Appendix 4 of Government Decree 315/2013 (28th August), which is about the regulations of complex vocational examinations, the Europass certificate supplement contains both the HuQF and the EQF levels.

HIGHER EDUCATION:

Based on paragraph 1 of article 110 of act CCIV (2011), which is about the national higher education system, the government has been entitled to formulate a decree which defines the classification procedure of qualifications and vocational qualifications, certified with a degree, in the Hungarian Qualification Framework.

Paragraph 5 of article 51 of the act states that the degree must contain the classification of the given qualification or vocational qualification, certified by the diploma, in the Hungarian and European Qualification Framework.

Government Decree 139/2015 (9th June) contains the HuQF level of vocational further trainings, higher education qualifications and Bachelor and Master’s degrees, together with certificates of the same level. Besides, it describes the procedures, methodology and people responsible for classifying newly formed qualifications in the HuQF.

Decree 18/2016 (5th August) of the Ministry of Human Capacities (which is about the qualification requirements and output requirements of higher education training courses, bachelor and master’s degrees as well as about the modification of decree 8/2013 (30th January) of the Ministry of Human Capacities describing the common qualification requirements and output requirements of teacher training) defines the characteristic features of knowledge, skills, attitude, autonomy and responsibility comparing them with the classification of levels in the HuQF.

ADULT TRAINING:

On the basis of the act for adult training, an expert committee operated by the Hungarian Chamber of Commerce defines the HuQF level on the basis of previously arranged methodological instructions. The process is implemented in the framework of a validation procedure regarding vocational program requirements.

In addition to the act about adult training, the legal background of the procedure is formed by decree 59/2013 (13th December) of the Ministry for National Economy, which is about the requirements and proceedings of registering the vocational program requirements of adult training and about verifying the acquisition of vocational qualifications.

On the basis of paragraph 1 of article 33 of government decree 378/2016 (2nd December), which is about the takeover of certain public affairs and the transfer of successorship concerning the supervision of certain central offices and ministerial institutions operated by the central budget, several authoritative procedures related to adult training have been transferred from the National Office of Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning to the Government Agency of Pest County from 1st January 2017.

Out of these procedures, some competences which concern the HuQF are the following:

  1. procedures related to the issuance, modification and finalization of permits to adult training institutions,
  2. maintaining a publicly validated register about training institutions having a legal permit to operate as an adult-training institution,
  3. operating the Information System related to Adult Training, which includes providing access to the system itself.

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