Descriptors

The characteristic features of each level of the framework are called descriptors. The descriptors of the HuQF are included in government decree 1229/2012 (6th July). Descriptors are defined on the basis of the following categories:

KNOWLEDGE: It refers to theoretical or practical knowledge; its forms are: general basic education and relevant expertise. The connected elements and concepts of knowledge are arranged into complex units and patterns the complexity of which is different at each successive level. The degree of understanding complex concepts differs greatly at each level.

SKILLS: It consists of motor skills and cognitive skills demonstrated in actions. Motor skills refer to manual skills and the handling of certain methods, materials, devices and instruments. Cognitive skills refer to the use of logical, intuitive and creative thinking.

ATTITUDES: It means an evaluating approach to concrete or abstract matters. Attitudes concern studies, work or one's own actions and they affect relationships and cooperation. Attitudes consist of elements related to emotions, thoughts and behaviours.

AUTONOMY AND RESPONSIBILITY: It describes to what degree of independence and responsibility an individual can perform a certain action.

Source: TÁMOP 2.2.1-12/1 flagship project

The grid of the Hungarian Qualification Framework

Level 1

Knowledge

  • Knows the most important concepts and basic facts of a particular topic
  • Has a basic knowledge of the mother tongue, logical thinking and literacy
  • Knows the distinctive materials and tools necessary for practical activities
  • Understands and complies with rules and procedures of task execution

Skills

  • Has acquired a basic level of the key competences (especially: communication in Hungarian language, mathematical-logical thinking)
  • Able to apply the knowledge necessary to solve a certain task/problem, provided that this requires the application of undemanding routines and algorithms

Attitudes

  • Willing to understand tasks, motivated to implement them successfully
  • Demonstrates inquisitiveness and interest in learning and basic work situations
  • Ready to work in a team and to share his/her knowledge with others

Autonomy and responsibility

  • Capable of autonomous task execution in simple, routine job situations
  • Needs guidance and continuous supervision in the case of novel or complex tasks
  • Able to evaluate his/her own work with external guidance
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Level 2

Knowledge

  • Knows the basic facts, concepts and simple correlations of a given topic (area of learning, speciality)
  • Has a general command of the mother tongue/language, mathematical-logical and science-literacy
  • Has the basicintermediate level theoretical and practical knowledge necessary for the exercise of particular tasks connected to occupational profiles

Skills

  • Possesses a broader inventory of knowledge element s/units in the field of study/work of his/her interest
  • Able to carry out identification, distinction and comparison in relation to different topics, upon predetermined specific criteria
  • Able to carry out multi-component tasks/or series of tasks occasionally
  • Able to use basic materials and tools with guidance
  • Able to compose a written and verbal statement in a given field, react to a statement, use basic terminology
  • Possesses basic competencies necessary for cooperation

Attitudes

  • In learning situations and tasks he/she is open to activities developing his knowledge
  • Is aware of fundamental moral and collective values, basic civic rights and responsibilities

Autonomy and responsibility

  • In simple task-situations works independently and with responsibility
  • In the case of more complex tasks, instructions are sufficient instead of close control
  • A sense of responsibility is developing, and self-control emerges in the process of the evaluation of the work undertaken
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Level 3

Knowledge

  • Knows basic facts, concepts and processes related to a given field of work or study, recognises and understands multi-factor correlations
  • In addition to being acquainted with tools, methods and procedures for carrying out tasks, he/she also applies basic methods of autonomous knowledge acquisition
  • Possesses a broader inventory of knowledge element s/units in the field of study/work of his/her interest
  • Knows and applies rules, processes of task execution

Skills

  • Able to establish linkage between knowledge and knowledge schemata, and develop a new schema in a well-known context
  • In addition to the routine performance of simple tasks, he/she is also able to solve new problems with unusual elements creatively
  • Able to select and apply the appropriate tools, materials
  • Able to perceive correlations and think in a systemic context

Attitűdök

  • Able to judge and apply in a critical manner information from diverse sources
  • Open to make joint efforts, work in a group, and accepts interdependence
  • Complies with the widely accepted social norms both in professional and private communication
  • Committed to his profession/field of interest

Autonomy and responsibility

  • Self-control and systematic selfreflection concerning individual learning and work activities becomes common
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Level 4

Knowledge

  • Knows basic facts and concepts related to a given field of work or study, understands key processes and correlations
  • Knows the language and terminology of a given field, preferably in a foreign language as well
  • Knows and understands the conceptual correlations and structure of his field of interest
  • Understands the correlations of complicated, multi-factor phenomena
  • Is familiar with the methods necessary for employing the facts, concepts, correlations and procedures of a given field

Skills

  • Able to apply knowledge related to a field of work or study in an unusual context
  • Able to think systematically, and use certain forms of abstraction
  • Able to gather new information, and process it independently
  • Able to plan and implement his/her learning and problemsolving strategy on his own and make the necessary corrections
  • Able to identify problem situations in his/her field of work or study and articulate adequate proposals for solving them

Attitűdök

  • Open to undertaking new tasks
  • Able to assess possibilities; consider risks, alternatives and consequences; is capable of making compromises
  • Follows ethical and legal norms in decision-making situations, understands the correlations between values, behaviour and lifestyle
  • Committed to the profession and to quality work
  • Keen on continuous self-education and applies its proceedings

Autonomy and responsibility

  • He is characterised by independence and self-control in the performance of work, in the solution of problems and in learning as well
  • Takes responsibility for his/her own actions or for the work of a small group or community he/she is in charge of
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Level 5

Knowledge

  • Has a fundamental general and specialized, theoretical and practical knowledge, related to a particular field of study/work. His theoretical and practical knowledge is systematic
  • His/her sound knowledge regarding the application of methods and tools ensures lasting exercise of the given profession at a high level
  • Knows the specific terminology of the given field (in the mother tongue and in at least one foreign language)

Skills

  • Able to solve the tasks related to a given profession: to design and carry them out, to choose the appropriate methods and tools, to apply them in an individual and complex manner
  • His/her skills to communicate in his mother tongue and in a foreign language enable him/her to carry out a professional cooperation with speakers of other languages
  • Able to improve his/her knowledge, and apply different methods of knowledge acquisition, self-improvement and current information and communication technologies for that purpose
  • Able to make responsible decisions related to employment and entrepreneurship

Attitűdök

  • Open to the new achievements and innovations in his/her field of work/study. Takes efforts to be acquainted with, understand and use them
  • Aims for continuous self-education
  • Committed to high quality professional work
  • Self-critical concerning his/her own work
  • Accepts and genuinely stands for the social role and the values of his/her profession

Autonomy and responsibility

  • Works autonomously under continuous self-monitoring
  • Takes responsibility for his or her own work as well as for the work, achievements or failures of the team under his/her supervision
  • In decision making, takes into consideration the ethical and legal rules of his field of work
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Level 6

Knowledge

  • Knows the fundamental comprehensive facts, tendencies and limits of his/her field of work or study
  • Knows the key correlations, theories and terminology of his/her field of study or work
  • Knows fundamental methods for knowledge acquisition and problemsolving of his/her speciality

Skills

  • Capable of carrying out an elementary analysis of the concepts which constitute the foundations of the knowledge of a given field of work or study, to outline correlations, and to make proper evaluations
  • Has the necessary skills for studying autonomously
  • Able to identify frequently occurring problems in his/her field, explore the theoretical and practical background needed for their solution and able to address them through the application of standard procedures
  • Able to use and understand the literature of his/her profession, its library and IT sources
  • Able to cooperate with others
  • Capable of managing different resources
  • Able to use his professional knowledge in accordance with the diverse expectations of a given workplace

Attitűdök

  • Knows, accepts and genuinely communicates his/her job’s social function and its relationship to the world
  • Willing to disseminate the general way of thinking and basics features of the practical operation of his/her profession
  • Strives for continuous self-education

Autonomy and responsibility

  • Capable of thinking over independently the comprehensive, fundamental questions of his profession and of elaborating them by using given sources
  • Responsibly communicates the fundamental principles of the profession
  • Cooperative and shows responsible behaviour with the professionals of his field.
  • Consciously accepts the ethical standards of his profession
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Level 7

Knowledge

  • Knows the general and specific features, main tendencies and exact limits of the general domains of a given field of work or study, as well as its links to related fields
  • Has an in-depth knowledge of the correlations, theories and the related terminology of a given field of work or study
  • Knows the particular research methods (especially those related to knowledge acquisition and problem solving) used in his field, abstraction techniques and the methods to cope with practical aspects of theoretical questions

Skills

  • Capable to perform exhaustive analysis of diverse conceptual domains constituting the body of knowledge of a given field of work or study, to devise general and specific correlations and to carry out related evaluation activities
  • Able to identify profession-specific issues, explore and outline the theoretical and practical background needed for their solution
  • Able to approach profession-specific problems in an interdisciplinary, comprehensive manner
  • Able to join research and development projects
  • Is advanced at using the info-communication techniques of his/her field as well as using and processing Hungarian and foreign language publications
  • Able to apply a wide range of methods and techniques in various contexts of different degree of complexity and predictability
  • Able to produce in a scientific format analyses and summaries of sub-fields of his area of study
  • Able to apply his professional skills in accordance with the various requirements of a given workplace

Attitűdök

  • Knows and identifies with the specific and general relations and professional identity that constitute the characteristics of his profession and its individual and social functions. This is the basis for his unfolding vocational commitment
  • Able to understand and genuinely communicate the particulars and the synthesis of his/her profession’s topics
  • His/her professional interest deepens and is consolidated

Autonomy and responsibility

  • Possesses considerable autonomy in elaborating general and specific professional issues, in representing and justifying professional views
  • Assumes responsibility in taking initiative for cooperation
  • Is a partner on equal footing in cases of professional cooperation
  • Thinks over and stands for the ethical positions of his field
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Level 8

Knowledge

  • Has an in-depth knowledge, enabling him/her to undertake research, the general and specific features, main tendencies and exact limits, consensual and contentious correlations of his field
  • Has a creative understanding of the theoretical elements, correlations, conceptual systems and terminology of a given field
  • Possesses the methodological and research skills necessary to perform independent research in a given field

Skills

  • Capable of analysing a given field in a creative manner, able to draft specific and general correlations through the application of new approaches, and make appropriate evaluations
  • Able to use and further develop the special knowledge acquisition and problem-solving methods of his/her field
  • Able to develop innovative, previously unknown practical aspects of a theoretical issue
  • Able to plan and carry out new projects, conduct research in a given field of science, and develop new techniques and approaches
  • Able to identify unanticipated professional problems, and explore the theoretical and practical background needed for solving them in detail
  • Able to establish and disseminate new correlations vital for his profession as well as comprehensive links having significance for individual and community existence

Attitűdök

  • Represents and, in relation to his/her field of interest, further develops the relations contributing to the process of human self-creation as a result of the speciality of the given field of work
  • Disposes of an interest and learning skills, which permits him to identify and solve research problems of the field which are covert or unpredictable at the moment
  • Has a solid sense of vocation, stable commitment to look for new approaches, accepts the necessity of working persistently

Autonomy and responsibility

  • Develops and initiates new knowledge areas and initiates new practical solutions creatively and independently
  • Able to participate as a leader and is giving evidence of high skills for cooperation in the process of defining theoretical and practical issues
  • Able to take part on an equal footing in a professional discussion of a given field
  • Undertakes to raise and answer new ethical questions in relation to the theoretical and practical issues of his profession with responsibility
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